FIQH E ISLAMI KE MASAADIR 1

FIQH E ISLAMI KE MASAADIR:
Hum kehte hain ke Beshak Fiqh e Islami wo Shar’ii Ahkaam ka Majmooa’ hai jinka Allah Ta’ala ne Apne Bando ko hukum diya hai , aur ye tamam Ahkaam 4 Masaadir ki taraf lautte hain. Aur wo ye hain:
1. Quran e Kareem,
2. Sunnat ,
3. Ijmaa’ aur
4. Qiyaas

1. Quran e Kareem:
Quran wo Allah ka Kalaam hai jisko Allah ne Naazil farmaya Hamare Aaqa Muhammad Sallallahu alaihi wasallam par taake logon ko Gumrahi se Noor ki Taraf Nikale, aur Wo Saheefe me likhi hui hai, aur Quran Fiqh e Islami ke Ahkaam ka Masdar aur Marja hai to jab koi Masla pesh aata hai Har Cheez se pehle Hum Allah ki Kitab (Quran )ki taraf Rujoo karte hain taake hum usme uska Hukum talash karen, to agar hum usme Hukum paa lete hain to usey lelete han aur usle(Quran ke) ilawa ki taraf nahi jaate.
Jab hum se KHAMR(SHARAB), Qimaar(joowe), Patharon ki Tazeem aur Joowey ke teer se Qismat aazmaneke bare me poocha jaye , Hum Allah ki Kitab ki taraf Rujoo karte hain to Hum Allah ta’ala ka ye farmaan paate hain

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (سورة المائدة: 90)
Tarjuma: “Aye Iman Walo! Sharab , Juwa, Buton ke Thaan aur juwwey ke teer ye sab Napaak Shaitani kaam hai, lihaza inse Bacho taake tumhe Falaah Haasil ho.”

Aur jab hum se poocha jaye Karobar aur Sood ke mutalliq to uska Hukum Hum Quran me paate hain jaisa ke Allah ta’ala ne farmaya:
وَأَحَلَّ اللَّهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا (سورة البقرة: 275)
Tarjuma:“Allah ne Bai’(karobar) ko HALAAL kiya hai Aur SOOD ko HARAAM Qarar diya hai.”

Aur Jab Hum se Hijaab ke Mutalliq poocha jaata hai to Hum uska hukum Allah Ta’ala ke farmaan me paate hain:
وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ (سورة النور: 31)

Tarjuma: (Momin Aurto se kehdijye) Aur Wo apni Sajawat ko kisi par Zaahir na karen, siwaye uske Jo khud Zaahir hojaye aur Apni Oodhniyon ko Apne Girebaano par Daal liya karen”
[Muraad poore jism ka dhankna hai]

Isi tarah Allah ta’ala ka ye farmaan:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا
(سورة الأحزاب:59)

Tarjuma:” Aye Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam): Ap apni Biwiyon , Apni Betiyon aur Musalmano ki Aurton se keh den ke wo apni Chaadaren apne(muh ke) oopar jhuka liya karen. Is tareeqe me is baat ki ziyada tauqai’ hai ke wo pehchaan li jayengi, to unko sataya na jayega, aur Allah Ta’ala Bakhshne wala bada Maherbaan hai.”

Aur isi tarah Quran e kareem wo pehla masdar hai Fiqh e Islami ke Ahkaam ka lekin quran ki aayat se maqsood masaail ki tamaam juziyyat aur masaail k ahkam ki puri wazaahat aur unpar saraahat maqsood hoti to maujoodah quraan kai guna zakheem hota

Aur Quran ki Ayaat Aqaid par Tafseel se hain, aur Ibadaat o Mamlaat me Ijmaalan hai aur uska Rasmul khat aam hai Musalmano ki hayaat ke liye aur uski tafseel Sunnat e Rasool me hai.
Maslan: Quran ne Namaz ka Hukum diya lekin uski kaifiyat wazeh nahi ki aur na hi uski Ta’dad batai.

Aur Quran ne Zakaat ka hukum diya, lekin uski Miqdaar wazeh nahi ki aur na hi uska Nisaab wazeh kiya aur na ho Wo Amwaal bataye jinki Zakaat WAJIB hai. Aur Quran ne Hukum diya Muahdon ko poora karne ka, Magar Saheeh Muahdo ki nishandahi nahi ki jinka Poora karna wajib hai, isi tarah Bhot saare masael hain.

Isi liye Quran Kareem Marboot hai Sunnat e nabwiya se in Aam Masael ki wazahat karne ke liye aur in mujmal masal ki tafseel bayan karne ke liye.
[الفقه المنهجي علي علي المذهب الامام الشافعي]

Insha Allah Sunnat, Ijma aur Qiyaas ke baare me aagey post kiya jayega.

Allah Paak tamam Fuqaha o Muhsaddiseen ko Jazae khair ata farmaye
Ameen

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