TARAWEEH IS 20 RAKAT!

PLZ READ COMPLETE.

“Here we will cite a few excerpts making it clear that twenty Rakaahs Taraweeh salah has been accepted bythe Ummah throughout the ages:

1. Imam Tirmidhi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ [passed away 279 AH] states that ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, ‘Ali رضی اللہعنہ, Sufyan Thawri رحمۃ اللہ علیہ and Imam Shafi’i رحمۃ اللہ علیہ all accept the taraweeh salah as being twenty Rakaahs. He quoted Imam Shafi’i رحمۃ اللہ علیہ as saying thathe saw the people of Makkah performing twenty Rakaahs. (Tirmidhi, v.1 p.99)

2. The famous compilation of AhadithKanzul Ummaal (v.2 p.284) reports that after ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ instructed Ubay bin Ka’b رضی اللہ عنہ to lead the people in twenty rak’ah of taraweeh salah, Ubay رضی اللہ عنہ then led the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم and Tabi’een in twenty rak’ah.

3. Bayhaqi (v.1 p.492; Nasbur Ra’yah, v.1 p.294) reports a narration in which Sa’ib bin Yazid رضی اللہ عنہ states that they performed twenty rak’ah taraweeh during the periods of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, ‘Uthman رضی اللہ عنہ and ‘Ali رضی اللہ عنہ.

4. The other narration of Yazid bin Rooman رحمۃ اللہ علیہ in the Muwatta of Imam Malik رحمۃ اللہ علیہ (p.40) states that during the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, people performed 23 rak’ah of taraweeh together with the Witr salah.

5. Ma’rifatus Sitta quotes an authentic narration from Imam Bayhaqi (v.1 p.477; his Sunan Kubra, v.2 p.496) stating that ‘Ali رضی اللہ عنہ summoned the Qurra in Ramadan and appointed someone to lead the people in the twenty rak’ah of taraweeh salah. ‘Ali رضی اللہ عنہ then himself led the witr salah.

6. The Muhaddith ibn Qudaamah رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes in his al-Mughni (v.1 p.803) that the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم were unanimous about performing twentyrak’ah taraweeh.

7. The research of the Muhaddith Ibn Hajar Haythami رحمۃ اللہ علیہ also reveals that the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم were unanimous about performing twenty rak’ah taraweeh. (Tuhfatul Akhyaar, p.197)

8.The famous Hafidh of Hadith Allama Abdul Birr رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says that it is a fact that the Sahabah performed twenty rak’ah taraweeh during Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ. (Mirqaat, v.2 p.174)

9. Allama ibn Taymiyyah رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes that Ubay bin Ka’b رضیاللہ عنہ led the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم in twenty rak’ah taraweeh during the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ. (Fatawa Ibn Taymiyyah, v.1p.148). He further writes (v.1 p.191) that because Ubay رضی اللہ عنہ ledthe Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم in twenty rak’ah taraweeh and three rak’ah witr during Ramadan, most ‘Ulema regard this to be a Sunnah because all of the Muhajireen and Ansaar performed the salah without an objection from any of them.

10. Imam Sharaani رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes, “’Umar رضی اللہ عنہ then gave the instruction for 23 rak’ah to be performed, three being the witr salah. This was then practiced in all the cities.” (Kashful Ghumma, v.1 p.167)

11. The famous scholar of Ahl al-Hadith Nawab Siddique Hasan believes that “’Ulema regard as ijma the twenty rak’ah taraweeh salah that was performed during the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ. (Awnul Bari, v.4 p.307)

12. Allama Bahrul Uloom رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes that twenty rak’ah taraweeh became a matter of consensus. (Rasaa’il al-Arkaan, p.138)

13. Allama Ibn al-Humam رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says that consensus was eventually reached that the taraweehsalah comprises of twenty rak’ah andthis is what has been passed on from generation to generation. (Fathul Qadeer, v.1 p.407)

14. Allama Ayni رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says, “During the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم performed twenty rak’ah taraweeh and this continued during the Khilafah of ‘Uthman رضی اللہ عنہ and ‘Ali رضی اللہ عنہ. (Ayni’s commentary of Bukhari, v.7 p.178)

15. When Imam Abu Yusuf رحمۃ اللہ علیہ asked Imam Abu Hanifa رحمۃ اللہ علیہ whether ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ had any proof from Rasulallah ﷺ to perform twenty rak’ah taraweeh, Imam Abu Hanifa رحمۃ اللہ علیہ replied, “’Umar رضی اللہ عنہ was never one who perpetrated acts of bid’ah.” (Faydhul Bari, v.2 p.420; Maraaqil Falaah, p.81; Bahrur Raa’iq, v.2 p.66)

16. The Muwatta of Imam Muhammad رحمۃ اللہ علیہ (p.11-12) reads, “We go by this (twenty rak’ah taraweeh)….because the Muslims (the Sahabah) were unanimous about it and saw it to be a good act. It has been reported that Rasulallah ﷺ said, “Whatever the Muslim (the Sahabah) regard as good act, is indeed a good act in the sight of Allah as well.”

17. The following appears in the book Al-Mutaqaa min Akhbaaril Mustafa (p.78), “During the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم and othersperformed 23 rak’ah, which included the witr salah.”

18. Yahya bin Sa’eed Ansari رحمۃ اللہعلیہ who was the Qadhi of Madinah says that ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ instructed someone to lead the people in twenty rak’ah taraweeh salah. The narration is authentic albeit mursal. (Ibn Abi Saybah, p.406; Aathaarus Sunan, v.2 p.55)

19. Abdul Aziz bin Rafi’ رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says that’s Ubay bin Ka’b رضی اللہ عنہ led the people of Madinah in twenty rak’ah taraweeh and three rak’ah witr. This narration is also authentic albeit mursal. (Ibn Abi Saybah, p.406; Aathaarus Sunan, v.2 p.55)

20. Abul Khaseeb رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says, “Suwayd bin Ghafala رضی اللہ عنہ used to lead us in Ramadan with five resting periods and twenty rak’ah.” The narration is authentic. (Bayhaqi, v.2 p.496; Aathaarus Sunan,v.2 p.55)

21. Shutayr bin Shakal رحمۃ اللہ علیہ who was the student of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud رضی اللہ عنہ used to lead the people in twenty rak’ah taraweeh salah and three rak’ah witr. This narration is also authentic. (Bayhaqi, v.2 p.496; Qiyaamil Layl, p.91; Mirqaat, v.2 p.174)

22. The eminent Tabi’ee and Mufti of Makkah Ataa bin Abi Rabaah رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says that he found the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم and othersperforming 23 rak’ah (taraweeh salah) together with the witr. (Ibn Ani Shaybah, v.1 p.406; Qiyaamul Layl,p.91, Fath al-Bari, v.4 p.219; Aathaarus Sunan, v.2 p.55)

23. Naafi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ who was the student of ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ says that ibn Mulaykah رحمۃ اللہ علیہ used to lead them in twenty rak’ah taraweeh salah during Ramadan. The narration is authentic. (Aathaarus Sunan, v.2 p.56)

24. A’mash رحمۃ اللہ علیہ reports that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud رضی اللہ عنہ used to perform twenty rak’ah taraweeh salah and three rak’ah witr.(Umdatul Qari, v.11 p.127; Qiyaamul Layl, p.91)

25. Abul Bakhtari رحمۃ اللہ علیہ also took five resting periods and performed three rak’ah witr. (Ibn Abi Shaybah, p.406)

26. Abul Hasana رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says,“’Ali رضی اللہ عنہ instructed someone to lead us in twenty rak’ah taraweeh with five resting periods. (Sunan Kubra of Bayhaqi, v.2 p.496). This narration is authentic. (See Jawaahirun Naqi, v.1 p.208 and Umdatul Qari, v.11 p.127 for details on authenticity)

27. Muhammad bin Ka’b Qurazi رضیاللہ عنہ also says that the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم performed twenty rak’ah taraweeh during the time of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ. (Qiyaamul Layl, p.91)

28. Sa’eed bin Ubayd رحمۃ اللہ علیہreports that ‘Ali bin Rabee’ah رحمۃ اللہ علیہ took five resting periods and performed three rak’ah witr during Ramadan. This narration is authentic. (Aathaarus Sunan, v.2 p.56)

29. Allama Subki Shafi’i رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes, “We believe that the taraweeh salah is twenty rak’ah, as proven by authentic narrations.” (Sharhul Minhaaj)

30. Abdul Qadir Jaylani رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says, “It comprises of twenty rak’ah with every two rak’ah ending with sitting and salam…a person should make the intention of performing the taraweeh salah before every two rak’ah.” (Ghunyatut Talibeen, v.2 p.10-11)

31. Imam Ghazali رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes, “The taraweeh salah comprises of twenty rak’ah and is Sunnah Mu’akkadah. The method of performing it is well known.” (Ihyaa’ul Uloom, v.1 p.208). He also writes, “Twenty rak’ah is the opinion of the consensus of ‘Ulema because of the narration of Yazid bin Rooman رحمۃ اللہ علیہ in the Muwatta of Imam Malik رحمۃ اللہ علیہ, stating that during the Khilafah of ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, people performed 23rak’ah of taraweeh together with witr salah. (Ihyaa’ul Uloom, v.2 p.66)

32. Ahmad Roomi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ says, “There were a great number of Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم present at the time (when ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ instructed Ubay رضی اللہ عنہ to lead them in twenty rak’ah taraweeh). Amongs them were ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, ‘Abbas and his son, Talha, Zubayr, Mu’aadh and many other Muhajireen and Ansar رضی اللہ عنھم. None of them objected to ‘Umar رضی اللہ عنہ, but rather supported him and practiced accordingly with steadfastness. In fact, ‘Ali made du’a for ‘Umar saying, “May Allah illuminate his grave just as he illuminated our Masaajid.” Rasulallah ﷺ also said, “Hold fast to my practicesand the practices of the rightly guided Khalifahs after me.” The taraweeh salah comprises twenty rak’ah”. (Majaalisul Abrar, p.187)

33. Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlawi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ also writes that the taraweeh salah during the times of the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم and tabi’een comprised of twenty rak’ah. (Hujjatullahi Baaligha, v.2 p.67)

34. Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlawi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ also mentions that consensus was reached amongst the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم to perform twenty rak’ah taraweeh and three rak’ah witr. (Majmoo’ah Fatawa Azizi, v.1 p.162)

35. Maulana Qutbud Deen Khan Muhaddith Dehlawi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ also mentions that consensus was reached amongst the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم to perform twenty rak’ah taraweeh. (Mazaahirul Haqq, v.1 p.433)

36. Allama Shabbir Ahmed Uthmani رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes that since none of the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم ever differed about the twenty rak’ah, all scholars are unanimous about it. (Fathul Mulhim, v.2 p.320)

Allama Nawawi رحمۃ اللہ علیہ writes in his commentary of Muslim that the twenty rak’ah taraweeh is a hallmark of Islam just like the Eid salahs (v.1 p.259). Therefore, the Ta’leeqaat of Hidayah (v.1 p.131) states that anyone performing only eight rak’ah of taraweeh will be guilty of forsaking the Sunnah.”

There is an ocean of evidence provingthe legitimacy of 20 rak’ah taraweeh salah. As seen from the quotes above,the Sahabah used to offer taraweeh in this manner. Not a single person from among the Sahabah ever stepped forward to say that the number of rak’ah are not 20 but are 8. Throughout the ages everyone agreed to the number being twenty, and now the ghair muqallideen all of a sudden claim that it is 8 rak’ah. They are going against practically all the Sahabah رضی اللہ عنھم and the generations after them.
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MUDALLAL NAMAZ E JANAZA KA TAREEKHA (FIQH HANAFI)

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem

NAMAZ  E JANAZA KA TAREEKHA

Namaz  e Janaza ka Tareekha ye hai ke

  1. Pehli Takbeer kahe uske Baad Allah ki Hamd bayan kare(yani SANAA padhe),
  2. Phir Takbeer kahe aur Nabi sallallahu alaihi wasallam par DAROOD SHAREEF padhe,
  3. Teesri Takbeer kahe aur usme Apne liye aur Mayyit ke liye aur Musalmano ke liye Dua padhe
  4. Phir chauthi (4th)Takbeer kahe aur Salaam pherde.[Hidayah jild 2 safha 145]

Dalail:

Namaz e Janaza me 4 Takbeeren

Hazrat Abu Huraira Razi Allahu anhu se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Najashi ki Wafaat ki Khabar di jis Din wo Faut hue the(inteqal hua).

Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam Sahaba Ikraam razi Allahu anhum ko lekar Eid Gaah pohanche unki Saff bandi ki aur Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne  4 Takbeeren kahin

(SAHEEH BUKHARI JIld 1 Safha 178)

Mashhoor Tabaee Imam Sha’bi rah farmate hain:

“Mayyit ke Janaze par Pehli Takbeer  ke baad SANAA, doosri Takbeer ke Baad Nabi Kareem sallallahu alaihi wasallam par DAROOD jab ke Teesri Takbeer ke baad Mayyit ke liye Dua aur Chauthi takbeer ke baad Salaam phera jata hai.”

[MUSANNAF ABDUR RAZZAQ JILD 3 SAFHA 316]

SANAA’:

Hazrat Abu Sayeed Khudri Razi Allahu anhu  farmate hian ke Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam Jab Namaz Shuru farmate to

سبحانك اللهم و بحمدك  و تبارك اسمك و تعالى جدك ولا اله غيرك

Transliteration: SUBHANAKALLAHUMMA WABIHAMDIKA WA TABARAKAS MUKA WA TA’AALA JADDUKA WALAA ILAAHA GHAIRUK.

[SUNAN NASAI JILD 1 Safha 143]

Hazrat Abdullah Bin MAsood Razi ALlahu anu ki riwayat me و جل ثناؤك  ke alfaaz bhi aye hain yani

سبحانك اللهم و بحمدك  و تبارك اسمك و تعالى جدك و جل ثناؤك ولا اله غيرك

   Transliteration: SUBHANAKALLAHUMMA WABIHAMDIKA WA TABARAKAS MUKA WA TA’AALA JADDUKA  WA JALLA  SANAA’UKA  WALAA ILAAHA GHAIRUK.

[Musnad Firdaus Jild 1 safha 204 hadees No 819]

Mayyit ke liye Dua:

(TEESRI TAKBEER KE BAAD YE DUA PADHEN)

اللهم اغفر لحينا و ميتنا و شاهدنا و غائبنا و صغيرنا و كبيرنا و ذكرنا و انثانا ، اللهم من احييته مننا فاحيه على الاسلام و من توفيته مننا فتوفه على الايمان

   Transliteration:   AllahummaghFir Li Hayyinaa wa Mayyitinaa Wa Shaahidinaa wa Ghaa’ibinaa wa Sagheerinaa Wa kabeerinaa wa Zakarinaa Wa Unsaanaa , Allahumma Man Ahyaytahu Minnaa Fa Ahyihii alal Islaam wa Man Tawaffaitahu minnaa fa tawaffahu alal Imaan.

Tarjuma: Aye Allah ! Hamare Zindon aur Murdon ki Bakhshde, Hamare Haazir aur ghaaib ko Bakhsh de, Hamare Choton aur Badon ko Bakhsh dey, Hamare Mardon aur Aurton ko Bakhsh de. Aye Allah ! Humme se jisko tu Zinda rakhe to Islaam par Zindaa Rakh aur Jisko Tu Maut de to imaan ki haalat me Maut de.

Na Baaligh Mayyit ke liye Dua:

Hadees me aya hai :

“Na Baaligh ki Namaz e Janaza ada ki jaye aur uske Walidain ke liye Maghfirat aur Rahmat ki Dua ki jaye.

[Sunan Abu Dawood Jild 2 Safha 97]

Chaunke Hadees me koi Khaas Dua Muqarrar nahi ki gayi aur Hazraat e Salaf Saaliheen se bhi Mukhtalif Alfaaz marwi hai isi liye FUQAHA ne tamam Riwayat ke pesh nazar ek jaame’ Dua zikr farmayi hai:

اللهم اجعله لنا فؤطا و اجعله لنا اجرا وذخرا واجعله لنا شافعا و مشفعا

 

   Transliteration:   Allahummaj ‘alhuu lanaa Faratan waj’alhu lanaa Ajran wa zukhran waj’alhu lana Shaafi’an wa Mushaffa’an.

[Hidaya Ma’aa nasbur Raaya  jild 2 safha 279]

   Tarjuma : Aye Allah! Is Bache ko Hamara peshruu banaa de au rise Hamare liye Baa’s e Ajr bana, isey Hamare liye Sifarish karne wala banaa aur iski Sifaarish Qabool farma.

Agar Nabaaligh Bachi ka Janaza ho to isi Dua me   اجعله ki jagah اجعلها aur

شافعا و مشفعا  ki jagah شافعة و مشفعة padhen. Yani Dua kuch is tarah hogi

   Transliteration:   Allahummaj ‘alhaa lanaa Faratan waj’alhaa lanaa Ajran wa zukhran waj’alhu lana Shaafi’atan wa Mushaffa’atan.

 

Note: Ahaadis me Chaunke Mukhtalif Duaen Marwi hain is liye Fuqaha ne Tasreeh ki hai ke Agar ye Duaen Yaad nah o to jo chahe Dua karlen.

 

Salaam:

Sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne farmaya ke

“Najashi par Namaz padho . Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Janaze ko Namaz kaha jisme Rukoo’ hai na Sajdah aur na hi Guftgu ki jati hai . isme to Takbeeraat aur Salaam pherna hota hai.

[Saheeh Bukhari jild 1 safha 176]

 

Namaz e Janaza ke Muttasil Baad  Ijtemai Duwaa sabit nahi:

 

Namaz e Janaza Bazaate Khud Dua hai iske Muttasil Baad Ijtemaai Dua karna Sabit nahi. Is liye Fuqahaa o Muhaddiseen ne isse Mana farmaya hai .

Chunanche Shaarih e Mishkaat Sultaanul Muhaddiseen Mulla Ali Qaari rah farmate hain:

“ Namaz e Janaza ke Baad Mayyit ke liye Dua Naa maange is liye ke ye Namaz e Janaza me Ziyadti ke Mushabeh hai”

[MIRQAAT SHARAH MISHKAAT  JILD 4 SAFHA 149]

 

 

====****====****====****====****====****

Zara Sonchye ke Aj hum Doctor hai Engineer hai, Masters hai , Graduate hai, sab kuch dunyawi Ilm hame hamare Walidain ne sikhaya aur jab unka Inteqal hota hai to Hum unke liye Namaz e Janaza Saheeh se Adaa nahi karsakte. Apne Maa Baap ke liye Dua nahi karsakte jo Shariat ne janaze ke taur par batayi hai.

Mere bhaiyyo Namaz e Janaza ki sirf ek Dua hame Yaad karni hogi wo bhi choti si baqi sab jo hai Namaz hi ki Duaen hai aj hi kuch waqt dekar yaad karlen take Hum Mayyit par Jo Shariat ne Janaze ka tareekha bataya hai use saheeh tareekhe se ada karsaken aur sath hi hamare doosre musalmaan bhaiyyo ko bhi bataden.

JazakAllahu Khairan Kaseera.

 

 

 

BUS QAYAMAT KA INTEZAAR HAI

 

Hazrat Abu Huraira Razi Allahu Se Riwayat Hai Ke Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya
1. Jab Maal E Ghanimat Ko Shaqsi Daulat Bana Lya Jaye, Aur

2. Jab Logon Ki Amanat Ko Maal E Ghanimat Samajh Lya Jaye Aur

3. Jab Zakat Ko Ek Tawaan (Tax) Samjha Jane Lagey Aur

4. Jab Ilm E Deen Ko Dunya Talabi Ke Lye Seekha Jane Lagey Aur

5. Jab Mard Apni Biwi Ki Ita’at Aur Maa Ki Nafarmani Karne Lagey, Aur

6. Dost Ko Apne Qareeb Kare Aur Baap Ko Door Rakhe, Aur

7. Masjidon Me Shor O Ghal Hone Lagey Aur

8. Qabeele Ka Sardar Unka Fasiq Badkaar Ban Jaye Aur

9. Jab Qaum Ka Sardar Unme Arzal Badtareen Admi Hojaye, Aur

10. Jab Shareer Admio Ki Izzat Unke Shar Ke Khauf Se Ki Jane Lagey Aur

11. Jab Gaane Wali Aurton Aur Baajon Gaajon Ka Riwaaj Aam Hojaye Aur

12. Jab Sharaaben Pii Jaane Lagey Aur

 

13. Is Ummat Ke Akhri Log Pehle Logo Par Lanat Karne Lagey,

 

To Us Waqt Tum Intezar Karo Ek Surkh Andhi Ka Aur Zalzale Ka Aur Zameen Khasaf Hojane Aur Soorten Maskh Hojane Ka Aur Qayamat Ki Aisi Nishaniyo Ka Jo Yake Baad Deegre Is Tarah Ayengi Jaise Kisi Haar Ki Ladi Toot Jaye Aur Uske Daaney Baik Waqt Bikhar Jate Hain.
[Sunan Tirmizi]

Tambeeh:- Is Hadees Ke Alfaz Ko Bar Bar Padhye Aur Dekhye Ke Is Waqt Ki Dunya Ka Poora Poora Naqsha Hai, Aur Wo Gunah Jo Musalmano Me Aam Hochuke Hai Aur Badhte Jarahe Hai Unki Khabar 1400 Saal Pehle Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Dedi Hai, Aur Musalmano Ko Is Par Mutanabbah Kiya Hai Ke Aise Halaat Se Bakhabar Rahen, Aur Gunaho Se Bachne Bachane Ka Ehtmam Karen, Warna Jab Ye Gunah Aam Hojayenge To Aise Karne Walo Par Asmani Azaab Nazil Honge, Aur Phir Qayamat Ki Akhri Alamaat Samne Ajayengi.
Ghaur Karen Aj Gaane Aur Naachnd Wali Aurto Ko Izzat Se Dekha Jaraha Hai Dost Ko Qareeb Aur Baap Ko Door Kiya Jaraha Hai,
Gaane Bajane Aam Hai,
Maa Baap Ki Nafarmani Aam,
Shareer Ki Uske Shar Ki Wajeh Se Izzat Waghaira Waghaira.
Musalmano Jaago, Gunaho Se Bacho Warna Allah Ka Azaab Ayega.
Tauba Karo Mere Bhaiyo.
FBS