Al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī

Al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī

Al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī is Muammad ibn Idrīs ibn al-ʿAbbās ibn ʿUthmān ibn Shafiʿ ibn al-Sāʾib ibn ʿAbdullah ibn ʿAbd Yazid ibn Hāshim ibn al-Muttalib ibn ʿAbd Manaf, Abu ʿAbdillah al- Qurashī al-Makkī al-Shāfiʿī the offspring of the House of the Prophet, the peerless one of the great mujtahid imāms and jurisprudent par excellence, the scrupulously pious ascetic and Friend of Allah.

He was born in Ghazza, Palestine in 150 H, the year of al- Imām Abū Hanīfah‟s death, and moved to Makkah at the age of two, following his father‟s death, where he grew up. He was early a skillful archer, then he took to learn language and poetry until he gave himself to fiqh, beginning with hadīth. He memorized the Qurʾān at age seven, then al-Imām Mālik‟s Muwaṭṭaʾ at age ten, at which time his teacher would deputize him to teach in his absence. At age thirteen he went to see al-

Imām Mālik, who was impressed by his memory and  intelligence.

Al-Imām  Mālik ibn Anas and al-Imām Muḥammad ibn al- Hasan al-Shaybānī were among his most prominent teachers and he took position against both of them in fiqh.

Like al-Imām Abu Hanīfah and al-Imām al-Bukhārī, he recited the entire Qurʾān each day at prayer, and twice a day in the month of Ramaḍan.

al-Imām al-Muzānī said: “I never saw one more handsome of face than al-Shāfiʿī . If he grasped his beard it would not exceed his fist.” al-Imām Ibn Rahuyah described him in Makkah as wearing bright white clothes with an intensely black beard. al- Imām al-Za`farani said that when he was in Baghdad in the year 195 he dyed his beard with henna.

Abu `Ubayd al-Qasim ibn Sallam said: “If the intelligence of an entire nation was brought together he would have encompassed it.” Similarly, al-Muzani said: “I have been looking into al-Shāfiʿī‟s Riṣalāh for fifty years, and I do not recall a single time I looked at it without learning some new benefit.”

Someone criticized al-Imām Aḥmad ibn Hanbal for attending the fiqh sessions of al-Shāfiʿī and leaving the hadith sessions of al-Imām Sufyan ibn ʿUyaynah. Imām Aḥmad replied: “Keep quiet! If you miss a hadīth with a shorter chain you can find it elsewhere with a longer chain and it will not harm you. But if you do not have the reasoning of this man [al-Shāfiʿī], I fear you will never be able to find it elsewhere.”

Yūnus ibn Abī Yaʿlā said: “Whenever al-Shāfiʿī went into tafsīr, it was as if he had witnessed the revelation.” Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal also said: “Not one of the scholars of hadīth touched an inkwell nor a pen except he owed a huge debt to al-Shāfiʿī .”

Two schools of legal thought or madhāhīb are actually attributed to al-Imām al-Shāfiʿī, englobing his writings and legal opinions (fatāwā). These two schools are known in the terminology of jurists as “al-Qadīm” (The Old) and “al-Jadīd” (The New), corresponding respectively to his stays in Iraq and Egypt. The most prominent transmitters of the Qawl al-Jadīd among al-Shāfiʿī‟s students are al-Buwayṭī, al-Muzānī, al-Rabīʿ

al-Murādī, and al-Bulqīnī, in Kitab al-Umm (The Motherbook).The most prominent transmitters of the Qawl al-Qadīm are al- Imām Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, al-Karābīsī, al-Zaʿfarānī, and Abū Thawr.

Al-Subkī related that the Shāfiʿī scholars considered al- Rabīʿs narration from al-Shāfiʿī sounder from the viewpoint of transmission, while they considered al-Muzānī‟s sounder from the viewpoint of fiqh, although both were established hadith masters.

(Safinat Al – Naja)

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EK MUSALMAN KIS TARAH ZINDAGI GUZARE PART 2

  1. Deen e Islaam ! Aqaid , Ibadaat, A’maal e Saaliha , AKhlaaq e Hasana aur Aadaab e Aaliyah ka naam hai. Jab koi shakhs Islaam Qabool karle aur yun kahe ke Mai Musalman hun us par Laazim hai ke Poore Islaam ko Qabool kare.

     

    1. Apni Namazen Durust karen Saheeh Tareeqe par yaad karen aur Bachon ko bhi Saheeh Tareeqe par Namazen Sikhayen aur yaad karayen. س، ث ، ص ، ض ، ط ،ظ ، ق ،ک tamam Huroof ko Saheeh tareeqe par Ada karna Laazim hai. Bhot se logon ko Zindagi bhar Saheeh Kalimah bhi Yaad nahi hota aur Namazen bhi Ghalat Salat padhte hain isme Aakhirat ka bada Khasaara hai.

     

    1. Bachchon ko Namazen Sikhane ke bare me Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Irshaad farmaya ke Apni Aulaad ko Namaz ka Hukum do jab wo 7 Baras ke hojayen , aur Namaz na padhen par unko maaro jab wo 10 Baras ke hojayen aur 10 Baras ki Umar hojane par Unke Bister Alaihda kardo (ek Doosre ke sath na Silaao)
      (Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha 58)

     

     

    1. Namaz e Jumu’aa ka Khaas Ahtemam karen

    Quran e Majeed me irshad hai:

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

    Tarjuma: Aye Imaan Walo! Jab Jumu’aa ke Din Namaz ke liye Pukara jaye to Allah ke Zikr ki taraf rawana hojaya karo aur Khareed o Farokht ko chord do ye tumhare liye Behter hai agar tum jante ho.(Surah Jumuaa’ Ayat 9)

              Aur Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne irshad farmay ke Jisne Baghiar Majboori ke Jumu’aa chord diya wo Aisi Kitab me Munafiq likh diya gaya jo na mitegi na badli jayegi.

     (Mishkaatul Masabeeh 121)

              Agar kabhi Namaz e Jumu’aa reh jaye maslan Safar me ho ya Marz ki wajeh se na padh sake to uski jagah Zohar padhe aur Agar Qasdan Namaz e Jumu’aa Chord de to uski jagah bhi Namaz e Zohar padhe.

     

EK MUSALMAN KIS TARAH ZINDAGI GUZARE PART 1

EK MUSALMAN KIS TARAH ZINDAGI GUZARE

Deen e Islaam ! Aqaid , Ibadaat, A’maal e Saaliha , AKhlaaq e Hasana aur Aadaab e Aaliyah ka naam hai. Jab koi shakhs Islaam Qabool karle aur yun kahe ke Mai Musalman hun us par Laazim hai ke Poore Islaam ko Qabool kare. Surah Baqara (Ayat No 208)me Allah Ta’ala ne farmaya hai:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ

Tarjuma: “Aye Imaan walo! Islaam me Poore poore Daakhil hojao aur Shaitaan ke Qadmon ke peeche na chalo beshak wo Tumhara Khulaa Dushman hai.”

Aj kal Logon ne ye Tareekha nikala hai ke Musalman hone ka Daawa bhi hai lekin Islaam ke Arkaan aur A’maal aur Akhlaaq aur Aadaat se Ghaflat bhi baratte hain aur Peeche bhi hatte hain. Daawa kuch aur Amal kuch, ye MOMIN ki Shaan nahi hai. Jab Musalman hogaye to poori tarah Islaam par Amal karna Laazim hai Aammatul Muslimeen ko Zaroori baaten  batane ke liye ye Mazmoon likh raha hun is mazmoon ko aapas me ek doosre ko Sunayen aur Amal par amadah karen.

  1. Islami Aqaid seekhe, Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat ke Aqaiad maloom karen aur Unhe apna Aqeedah banayen jitney Gumrah Firqe hain maslan Shiya , Qadiyani, Aagha Khaani, Bohri in sab se door rahen aur Bid’aat se Mukammil parhez karen.
  2. 2. Har Aaqil baaligh Musalman par Mard ho ya Aurat 5 Namazen(FAJR, ZOHAR, ASAR, MAGHRIB, ISHA) Farz hain. Inko Ghar par hote hue aur Safar me, Marz me, Tijarat karte hue, Naukri me lagey hue har haal me adaa kare, Witr ki Namaz Isha ke Farzon ke baad padhna wajib hai isko bhi kabhi Qazaa na hone den. Aurten Gharon me aur Mard Masjidon me Jamaat ke sath Namaz padhen.

Jamat ke sath Namaz padhen se ek Namaz ka sawaab 27 guna(times) kardiya jata hai.(MISHKAATUL MASABEEH SAFHA 95)

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne irshad farmaya ke Jisne Namaz ki pabandi ki uske liye Qayamat ke din Namaz noor hogi aur Uske Imaan ki Daleel aur Uski Najaat ka samaan hogi aur jisne Namaz ki pabandi nahi ki uske Liye Namaz na Noor hogi na uske Imaan ki Daleel hogi na Najaat ka samaan hogi aur Qayaamat ke Roz ye Shakhs Qaaroon aur Firaon aur (uske Wazeer ) Haaman aur (Mashhoor Mushrik) Ubai Bin Khalf ke sath hoga(Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha 58)

Witron ke bare me Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne irshad farmaya hai ke WITR padhna Zaroori hai. Jo Shakhs Witr na padhe wo Hum me se nahi hia (teen baar aisa hi farmaye)

(Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha 113)

Aur Muakkadah Sunnaton ke bare me farmaya jisne Din Raat me 12 Rakaten padhlin uske liye Jannat me ek Ghar bana diya jayega, 4 Rakaten Zohar se pehle , 2 Rakaten Zohar ke baad, 2 Rakaten Maghrib ke baad , 2 Rakaten Ishaa ke baad aur 2 Rakaten Fajar se pehle.

(Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha103)

Inke Ilawa Asar se pehle 4 Rakat Sunnat e Ghair Muakkadah hain unki badi Fazeelat hai. Ek Hadees me yun hai ke Allah Us bande par Rahem kare jo Asar se pehle 4 Rakaten padhe.

(Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha 104)

Nafil namazon ki bhi badi Ahmiyat hai jin me Namaz TAHIYYATUL WUZOO’ , TAHIYYATUL MASJID, ISHRAAQ , CHAASHT, TAHAJJUD aur MAGHRIB ke baad ki Nafilen bhi aajati hain. Nafil Namazon ka Zakheera bhi Sath lekar jana chahye.

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne farmaya ke Qayamat ke Din sab se pehle Namaz ka HIsab hoga , Namaz theek nikli to Kaamiyaab o baa muraad hoga aur Namaz Kharab nikli to Mehroom aur Na Muraad hoga, phir agar Faraiz me Kuch kami reh gayi to Parwadigaar e Alaam ka farmaan hoga ke Dekho Kya Mere Bandey ke kuch Nawaafil bhi hain. Phir Nawaafil ke Zarye Faraiz ki Kamii poori ki jayegi. Phir Zakaat ka bhi isi tarah Hisaab hga. Phir Doosre aamaal ka bhi isi tarah Hisaab hoge.

(Mishkaatul Masabeeh safha 117)

KHUTBAH HAJJATUL WADAA’

KHAATIMUN NABIYYEN SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM KA KHUTBA HAJJATUL WADAA’

Huzoor sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Allah Ta’ala ki Hamd o Sana aur Apni Nabuwwat aur Risalat ki Gawahi dene ke baad Taqwaa ikhtyar karne ki wasaiyyat farmayi aur Apni Rehlat ke Qurb ki taraf ishara farmate hue irshad farmaya

1. “Logon ! Mai Khayal karta  hun ke Mai aur tum phir kabhi is Majlis me ikatthe nahi honge.

Musalmano me bahmi Mohabbat aur Ulfat aur ek Doosre ki Izzat o Aabroo aur Jaan o Maal ki Hifazat ke bare me Takeed farmate hue irshad farmaya:

2. Logo! Tumhare khoon , tumhare maal aur Tumhari Izzaten ek Doosre par aise hi Haraam hain jaisa ke tum Aj ke din ki, Is Shahar ki, is Mahine ki Hurmat karte ho. Logo! Tumhe Anqareeb Allah ke samne Haazir hona hai aur wo Tum se tumhare aamaal ki babat sawal farmayega. Khabardaar! Mere baad Gumrah na ban jana ke ek Doosre ki Gardanen kaatne lago.

Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Silsilaye kalaam ko jaari rakhte hue tamam Jaahili Qawaneen aur Jahiliyat ke Iqtesadi Nizaam ko Khatm karne ka Aelaan in alfaaz me farmaya.

3. Logo! Jaahiliyat ki Har ek Baat mai apne Qadmon ke neeche Paamaal karta hun. Jahiliyat ke Qatlon ke tamam Jhagde malyamet karta hun. Pehle Khoon jo mere Khandaan ka hai yani IBN E Rabee’a Bin Haris ka Khoon jo Bani Sa’ad me doodh peeta tha aur Huzail ne use mar dala tha mai Chordta hun . jahiliyat ke zamane ka Sood malyamet kar diya gaya. Pehle Sood apne Khandaan ka jo Mai mitata hun wo Abbas Bin Abdul Muttalib ka Sood hai wo Saare ka saara chord diya gaya.

Aurton ke sath Bhalai aur Khoobi ka bartao karne aur Zulm o Ziyadti se rokte  hue irshad farmaya

4. “Logo! Apni Biwiyon ke mutalliq Allah se darte raho. Khuda ke naam ki Zimmedari se tum ne Unko Biwi banaya aur Khuda ke kalaam se tumne Unka Jism apne liye Halal banaya hai. Tumhara Haq Aurton par itna hai ke wo Tumhare Bistar par kisi Ghair ko (ke uska aana tumko nagawaar hai) na aane  den. Lekin agar wo aisa karen to unko aisi maar maro jo namoodar na ho. Aurton  ka haq tum par ye hai ke tum unko achi tarah khilaao ,achi tarah pehnao.

Quran e Majeed ko Sarchashma e Hidayat qarar dete hue aur apni Ummat ko Sirf Allah Ta’ala ki Ibadat , Namaz ki pabandi, Zakat aur Fareeza e haj ki adaaigi aur Auliya e Umoor o Hukkaam ki Ita’at ka hokum dete hue farmaya:

5. “Logo ! Mai  tum me wo cheez Chord chala hun ke agar use mazboot pakad loge to kabhi Gumrah na hoge wo Quran Allah ki Kitab hai.

6. “Logon! Na to mere baad koi paighambar hai aur na koi Jadeed(new) Ummat paida hone wali hia , Sun lo ke Apne parwardigar ki Ibadat karo aur panjgana Namaz ada karo. Saal bhar me ek mahine ke Roze rakho. Apne Maalon ki zakat nihayat dili Khushi ke sath diya karo. Khaana e Ka’bah ka Haj baja laao aur apne Auliya e Umoor o Hukkam ki ita’at karo jis ki Jaza ye hai ke Tum log ye baja laa kar parwardigar ke Firdaus e Barreen(Jannat) me daakhil hoge.”

Aur Aakhir me Apni Ummat ko gawah banate hue irshad farmaya:

7. “Logo! Qayamat ke Din tum se meri Babat bhi daryaft kiya jayega. Mujhe zara batado ke tum kya jawab doge.

Sab ne kaha:

“Hum iski Shahadat dete hain ke Ap ne Allah ke ahkaam hum tak pohancha diye. Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Risalat o Nabuwwat ka Haq ada kar diya. Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Hum ko Khotey aur Khare ki babat achi tarah bata diya.(us waqt) Nabi sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne apni Ungusht e Shahadat ko uthaya.

Asmaan ki taraf Ungli uthate the aur phir logon ki taraf Jhukate the, (farmate the)

اللَّهُمَّ اشْهَدْ اللَّهُمَّ اشْهَدْ اللَّهُمَّ اشْهَدْ

Aye Allah! Sunle(tere bande kya keh rahe hain) Aye Allah gawah rehna ke (ye log kya keh rahe hain)

Aye Allah Shaahid reh ke (ye sab kaise saaf iqrar kar rahe hain).”

8.“Dekho jo log maujood hain wo un logon ko jo Maujood nahi hain inki tableegh karte rahen mumkin hai ke Baaz Saamiyeen se wo Log Ziyada tar is kalaam ko yaad rakhen aur Hifazat karne wale hon jin pat Tableegh ki jaye.”

ITMAAM E NEMAT KA AELAAN

Huzoor sallallahu alaihi wasallam ke Is Azeem Khutbe ko Sunne walon ki tadad ek laakh se ziada thi. Ap sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne Apni Oontni QASWAA’ par sawar hokar Mandirjeh Baala Khutba diya aur uske baad usi jagah ye Ayat e Mubarakah Naazil hui.

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

(سورة المائدة آيت 3)

Tarjuma: Aj Maine tumhare deen ko Tumhare liye kaamil kardiya aur tum par apni Nemat ko poora kardiya aur maine Tumhare liye Islaam ko bataur e Deen pasand karliya.

(SEERAT SARWAR E KAUNAIN)

ALLAHU AKBAR!

MERE MUSALMAN BHAIYYON IN YE IJTMAI NASEEHATEN HAMARE PYARE NABI SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM KI UMMAT KE NAAM AAKHRI NASEEHATEN HAIN.

IN GHAUR SE PADHO AUR IN PAR KUCH DER GHAUR KARO AUR APNI ZINDAGI ME LAANE KI KOSHISH KARO.

SEERAT KI KUTUB ME AUR TAFSEEL MILEGI WAHAN BHI PADHO YE AYYAAM E HAJ HAME PAIGHAAM DE RAHE HAIN KE HAJJATUL WADAA’ KI NASEEHATEN HUM APNI ZINDAGI ME LAAYEN.

AJ AHED KARLO KE MAI IN NASEEHATON PAR AMAL KARUNGA YE MERE PYARE NABI KI NASEEHATEN HAIN.

 

ALLAH TA’ALA HUM SAB KO IN PAR AMAL KARNE KI TAUFEEQ ATA FARMAYE AUR ZINDAGI SUNNAT KE MUTABIQ GUZARNE KI TAUFEEQ ATA FARMAYE.

AAMEEN YA RABBAL AALAMEEN.

ZIL HAJ KE PEHLE 10 DIN

***ZIL HAJ KE PEHLE 10 DIN***
1. Allah Ta’ala ne IN 10 RAATO ki QURAN me QASAM khai hai(SURAH AL FAJR<89> AYAT)

2.Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas(RAzi Allahu anhum) se Riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah (sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ne farmaya

“Allah Ta’ala ko NEK AMAAL jitna in 10 DINO(ZIL HIJJA kw pehle 10 din) me MEHBOOB hai utna kisi Din me Nahi hai.”
Sahaba(RAzi Allahu ANhum)ne Arz kiya:
“Aye ALLAH ke Rasool (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam)!
Allah ke Raste me JIHAD karna bhi nahi?”
Ap(Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) ne farmaya:
“Allah ki RAh me JIHAD karna bhi nahi,siwaye Us Mhjahid ke JO Apni Jaan aur Maal lekar (JIHAD k lye) NIKLA aur phir kisi cheez ke sath WApas nahi Aya( yani SHAHEED hogaya)”
[BUKHARI]

3. Hazrat Abu Huraira (Razi Allahu Anhu) se Riwayat hai ke
Rasoolullah (sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) ne farmaya:

“IBADAT karne ke lye ALLAH ke Nazdeek sab DINO me ZIL HAJ ke 10 Din Sab se AFZAL hai uske Har Din ka Roza 1 SAAl ke ROZE ke barabar hai, aur usme Har RAAT ki IBADAT SHAB E QADR ke Barabar hai.”
[TIRMIZI]

IN AHADIS se Hame ye pata chalta hai ke:

*ZIL HAJ ke pehle 10 DINO me KHOOB IBADAT karna chahye kyu ke in 10 DINO me IBADAT karna ALLAH KO MEHBOOB hai

*9 Zil Haj tak Roze rakhna chahye,

*Har Raat in Dino me Ibadat karna chahye.

==> ALLAH US SHAQS KO ABAAD rakhta hai JO DEEN ki Baat Sune aur Dusron tak pohanchae.
* IRADA karen ke hum in Baato par Amal karenge.
Allah Ta’ala hum ko NEK AMAAL karne ki taufeeq ata farmaye aur Bure amaal se bachaye.
AMEEN.
FBS