Rozey ke Arkaan

#Fiqh Shafai

Roze Ke Arkaan:

Roze Ke 3 Arkaan Hain:

  1. Niyyat
  2. Imsaak (Muftiraat Se Rukna)
  3. Roze Daar

 

 

1.Niyyat: Mashhoor Hadees Hain Innamal Aamalu BinniyaatYani Amaal Ka Daromadaar Niyyaton Par Hai.(Bukhari)

Degar Ibadaat Ki Tarah Har Roze Ke Liye Niyyat Wajib Hai(Ramazan,Nazar Ya Kaffara Ke) Farz Roze Ke Liye Raat Me Niyyat Karna Wajib Hai, Ghuroob Ke Baad Aur Subah Sadiq Se Pehli Kisi Bhi Waqt Niyyat Karna Kaafi Hai.

Hadees: Jo Subah Sadiq Se Qabl (Raat Me) Rozey Ki Niyyat Na Kare Us Ka Roza Nahi Hai.

(Ahmad,Abu Dawood, Nasai,Tirmizi, Ibne Khuzaima, Ibne Maja, Dar Qutni)

Aage Aane Wali Hazrat Ayesha Razi Allahu Anha Ki Riwayat Ke Pesh Nazar Is Riwayat Ka Talluq FARZ Rozey Se Hai, Farz Rozey Ki Niyyat Me Roze Ki Ta’yeen(Yani Ramazan Ya Nazar Ya Kaffare Ka Hai) Bhi Laazim Hai.

Makhsoos Ayyam Ke Sunnat Rozon Me (Jaise Arfa, Aashoora,Ayyam E Beez, Shawwal Ke 6 Rozey) Ta’yeen Laazim Nahi , Kyun Ke Un Ayyam Me Roze Usi Me Shumar Honge, Balke Kisi Aur Roze Ki Niyyat Kare To Bhi Ye Haasil Honge, Jaise Ke TAHIYYATUL MASJID Ka Sawab Kisi Aur Namaz Se Bhi Haasil Hota Hai. Kyunke Asal Maqsood Un Ayyam Me Rozon Ka Paya Jana Hai.

Niyyat Ke Baad Rozey Ke Manafi (Mukhalif Amal) Paya Jaye Tab Bhi Niyyat Saheeh Hogi, Jaise Niyyat Ke Baad Jimaa’ Karna Ya Az Khud Qai Karna. Isi Tarah Niyyat Ke Baad So Jaye Ya Haiz Ka Silsila Aksar Muddat Ke Baad Ya Aadat Ke Mutabiq Khatam Hojaye To Ye Niyyat Saheeh Hogi. Tajdeed E Niyyat Ki Zaroorat Nahi Hai Kyu Ke Ye Koi Sabab Rozey Ki Niyyat Ke Manafi (mukhtalif)Nahi Hai. Agar Fajr Se Qabl Niyyat Hi Khatm Karde To Roza Na Hoga. Subah Sadiq Se Pehle Phir Niyyat Karna Zaroori Hai. Lekin Din Me Niyyat Khatm Karne Se Koi Farq Nahi Padega. Albatta Riddat (Islam Chordna) Din Me Bhi Ho To Roza Khatm Hojayega. Sunnat(Nafil) Rozon Ki Niyyat Zawaal Se Pehli Karna Bhi Saheeh Hai.

Hadees: Ek Martaba Ap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Hazrat Ayesha Razi Allahu Anha Se Daryaft Farmaya “Kya Tumhare Paas (Khane Ke Liye ) Kuch Hai? Arz Kiya: “Ya Rasoolallah! Hamare Paas Kuch Bhi Nahi Hai.

Ap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Ne Farmaya: “Phir Mai Roza Rakhta Hun”

(Muslim,Abu Dawood, Ibne Hibban )

Ek Riwayat Me Hai “Kya Tumhare Paas Kuch Nashta Hai.”

Zawaal Se Pehle Niyyat Karne Se Nafil Roza Us Waqt Saheeh Hoga Jab Ke Subah Sadiq Ke Baad Se Roze Ke Manafi (Mukhtalif Amal) Koi Baat (Jaise Khana,Jimaa’,Nifaas,Pagal Pan…) Na Payi Jaye Warna Roza Saheeh Na Hoga.

KAAMIL NIYYAT:

نویت صوم غد عن اداء فرض رمضان ھذہ السنة لله تعالى

Transliteration:

“NAWAITU SAUMA GHADIN ‘AN ADAA’I FARZI RAMAZANA HAZIHIS SANATI LILLAHI TA’ALA.”

Tarjuma: Maine Kal Is Saal Ke Ramazan Ke Farz Roze Ki Adaigi Ki Niyyat Ki.”

Taake Is Ke BarAks(doosra) Soorton Se Mutamaayiz Hojaye.

Niyyat Ka Asal Mahel DIL Hai. Dil Me NIYYAT Ho Aur ZABAN Se Na Kahe To Kaafi Hai, Lekin Zaban Se Kahe Aur Dil Me Na Ho To Kaafi Nahi. Agar Sehri Kare Taake Roza Rakhe Ya Pani Piye Taake Din Me Pyas Na Lagey Ya Subah Sadiq Ke Khauf Se Khaane , Peene Ya Jimaa Se Baaz Aaye Aur Tasawwur Me Roza Apne Shar’ii Sifaat Ke Sath Maujood Ho Jis Ka Niyyat Me Khayal Hona Zaroori Hai To Ye Bhi NIYYAT Kehlaayegi.

Masla: 30 Ramazan Ki Raat Kal Ramazan Ke Roze Ki Niyyat Kare Aur (Chand Nazar Na Aya Aur) Ramazan Hi Tha To Ye Roza Saheeh Hai. Lekin 30 Shaban Ki Raat Me Is Tarah Ki Niyyat Karne Se Roza Saheeh Na Hoga.(Kyun Ke Abhi Ramazan Ka Saboot Nahi Hua, Is Liye Pukhta Niyyat Na Hogi). Albatta Uske Nazdeek Kisi Motabar Shakhs Ke Kehne Se Ramazan Ka Guman Ho To Bil Jazm Niyyat Ki Wajeh Se Roza Saheeh Hai.

Agar Yun Niyyat Kare Ke Kal Shaban Ho To Nafil Roza Aur Ramazan Ho To Farz Roza (Aur Koi Alamat Na Ho) To Shaban Hone Ki Soorat Me Nafil Roza SAHEEH Hoga Kyun Ke Asal Shaban Ka Baaqi Rehna Hai Aur Ramazan Ho To Farz Ya Nafil Dono Saheeh Nahi Hai.

Agar Kisi Ko Qaid O Band Me Hone Ki Wajeh Se Ramazan Ka Ilm Na Hosake To Mukhtalif Alamaton Ki Raushni Me Andaza Laga Kar Roza Rakhe, Agar Waqiatan Ye Roze Ramazan Me Hi Rakhe To Ada Hain Aur Baad Me Hain To Qazaa Hain, Aur Pehli Hainaur Phir Ramazan Mil Jaye To Us Me Ada Kare Warna Baad Me Qaza Kare Agar Ainda Saal Ke Ramazan Me Waqe Ho To Uski Taraf Se Ada Honge N Ke Sabiqa Saal Ki Qaza.

 

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