Alag Alag Mulkon Chand dekhne ke Masla

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

      Aj kal thoda ilm haasil kar ke ya chand ahadees ka tarjuma padh kar ya chand internet par kisi ki tehqeeq padh kar bhot se log bhot se Masail(ab to aqaid me bhi) shak o shubeh me padh rahe hain aur Ahle Ilm se daryaft karne ke bajaye un so called muhaqqiqeen ki baat ko ziada Saheeh samajh rahe hain. Un Bhot se Masail me se ke Masla RAMAZAN ke CHAND ke dekhna ka bhi hai, ke Kya har Shahar ka Chand dekhna alag hoga? Ya Dunya me Jahan kahin bhi Chand dekh liya jaye to Saari Dunya walon ko us ki wajeh se Roza rakhna hoga? Internet ke Muhaqqiqeen is ki pur zor Koshish kar rahe hain ke ek jagah bhi dekh liya jaye to Chand kaafi hai aur Nusoos (Quran o Hadees) se apna man chaaha matlab nikal rahe hain. Haalanke Is silsile me Wazeh Nass(hadees) maujood hai.

Aayye Hum pehle Ikhtelaafe Mataali’ ke baare me thoda jaanlen Phir Aakhir me Hadees tarjume ke sath dekhlenge.

Ittehad o Ikhtelaaf me Mataali’: ek jagah chand nazar aaye to use Qareeb Ilaqon me bhi ise tasleem kiya jayegi, na ke door daraaz ke Ilaqon me. Qurb o  B’ud ka daaro madaar Ikhtelaaf e Mataali’ par hai, jin do maqamaat ke Tuloo-e-shams ya Tuloo-e-Fajr ya Tuloo-e-kawakib aur un ke Ghuroob ke auqaat Mukhtalif hon , unke darmiyan ikhtelaaf e Matali’ hoga warna Ittehad e Mataali’. Baazon ne khaa ke 2 maqamaat itne fasle par hon ke ek jagah chand ki Ruyat ke bawajood Ghaliban doosri jagah chand nazar na aata ho to un me ikhtelaaf e Mataali’ hoga aur ye baeed shumar honge. Lihaza Chand ek jagah nazar aane se doosri jagah Sabit na hoga. Jaisa Tuloo-e-Fajr o Tuloo-e-Shams aur Ghuroob(aur is ki wajeh se Namaz ke Auqaat aur Sehri O Iftaar ke Auqaat me) Qareeb o Ba’eed Ilaqe me farq hota hai. Agar mashriqi Ilaqe me Chand nazar aaye to usi jihat aur Arz me Maghribi Ilaqe me nazar aana lazmi hai. (agar Mataali’ ke Ittefaq o Ikhtelaaf me Shak ho to Ikhtelaaf par Mehmool karenge.)

Saheeh Muslim Shareef me Baab Kuch is tarah baandha gaya hai:

باب بيان أن لكل بلد رؤيتهم وأنهم إذا رأوا الهلال ببلد لا يثبت

حكمه لما بعد عنهم

Baab: Har ek Shahar me usi Jagah ki Ruyat Motabar hoti hai aur Doosre Maqaam ki Ruyat Baghair kisi Daleel e Sharii ke wahan motabar nahi hai.

عن كريب، أن أم الفضل بنت الحارث، بعثته إلى معاوية بالشام، قال: فقدمت الشام، فقضيت حاجتها، واستهل علي رمضان وأنا بالشام، فرأيت الهلال ليلة الجمعة، ثم قدمت المدينة في آخر الشهر، فسألني عبد الله بن عباس رضي الله عنهما، ثم ذكر الهلال فقال: متى رأيتم الهلال؟ فقلت: رأيناه ليلة الجمعة، فقال: أنت رأيته؟ فقلت: نعم، ورآه الناس، وصاموا وصام معاوية، فقال: ” لكنا رأيناه ليلة السبت، فلا نزال نصوم حتى نكمل ثلاثين، أو نراه، فقلت: أو لا تكتفي برؤية معاوية وصيامه؟ فقال: لا، هكذا أمرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم “

scan:ruyate hilaal

Kuraib bayan karte hain ke Umme Fazl Binte Haris Razi Allahu anha ne unhe Mulk e Sham me Hazrat Ameer Muawiya razi Allahu anhu ke paas bheja, wo bayan karte hain ke “Mai Mulke Sham aaya aur un ka kaam poora kiya aur maine JUMA ki Shab me Mulk e Sham me Ramazanul Mubarak ka cnad dekha phir Mai Maheene ke Aakhir me Madine Munawwara Aaya to Abdullah Bin Abbas razi Allahu anhu ne mujh se daryaft kiya” aur phir chand ka tazkirah kiya, phir farmaya “Tumne CHAND kab dekha, Miane kaha JUMA ki Shab me, Unho ne kaha ke tumne khud dekha? Maine Kaha Haan! Aur logon ne bhi dekha, Ibne Abbas razi Allahu anhu ne farmaya ke “Humne HAFTE ki Shab me Dekha hai lihaza Hum (30 ki) ginti mukmmal hone tak Roza rakhenge ya Chand dekhne tak, Maine arz kiya ke Ap Hazrat Muawiya razi Allahu anhu ka chand dekh lena aur Roza rakhna kaafi nahi samajhte? Unho ne kaha: NAHI kyun ke Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne hame isi cheez ka Hukm diya hai.”

English Translation:

“Kuraib reported that Umm Fadl, daughter of Harith, sent him (Fadl, i. e. her son) to Mu’awiya in Syria. I (Fadl) arrived in Syria, and did the needful for her. It was there in Syria that the month of Ramadan commenced. I saw the new moon (of Ramadan) on Friday. I then came back to Medina at the end of the month. Abdullah b. ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) asked me (about the new moon of Ramadan) and said: When did you see it? I said.: We saw it on the night of Friday. He said: (Did) you see it yourself? -I said: Yes, and the people also saw it and they observed fast and Mu’awiya also observed fast, whereupon he said: But we saw it on Saturday night. So we would continue to observe fast till we complete thirty (lasts) or we see it (the new moon of Shawwal). I said: Is the sightidg of the moon by Mu’awiya not valid for you? He said: No; this is how the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) has commanded us.”

(Saheeh Muslim Kitabus Siyaam)

Is wazeh Saheeh Sareeh Hadees ki maujoodgi me bhi ab koi kahe ke Nahi Poori Zameen par ek Jagah ka Chand dikh jaana saari dunya ke liye kaafi hai ap unhe kya kahenge?

Allah Ta’ala se Dua hai ke Allah paak Hame Deen ki Saheeh Fahem ata farmaye aur Ulamae Haq se hamara rabta rakhe aur Salaf Saaliheen ki tarah hame deen ko samajhne ki taufeeq ata farmaye aur Hamari Ulama e Soo se hifazat farmaye.

Aameen Ya Rabbal Aalameen.

FBS

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